The province of Khuzestan is 64057 km2 in the south west of Iran, neighboring Persian Gulf and Arvand River. The area is a home to major oil fields. Ahvaz is the capital of this province. Khuzestan has common borders with the Lorestan province from north, Isfahan province from north east, Charmahal Bakhtiari province from east and north east Ilam province from North West and Kohgiluye and Boirahmad province from east and south east. The province has 4274979 inhabitants included 866913 families.
Being on the border with Iraq, Khuzestan suffered the heaviest damage of all Iranian provinces during the 8 years of imposed war. Many of the famous Nakhlestans (Date palm tree grove) were annihilated, cities like Dezful, Shoush (Susa), Bostan, Andimeshk, Hoveizeh, Shadegan and Soosangerd were destroyed, historical sites were demolished and the province faced major damages to natural and humane sources and cultural, social and economic foundations.
Having special characteristics, the area gained importance and become one of the most considerable provinces in Iran.
Existence of huge oil and gas fields, great steel industries, the abundance of water supplies…. and highly productive farming lands lay the foundations for foreign and domestic investments.
1) Huge Oil and Gas Resources
Ranking first in the field of the oil and gas reserves, the province is the major oil producing region of Iran and as such is the wealthiest province of the country. Establishing industries such as petrochemical and refineries installations will open a wide range of career opportunities and pave the way for internal and foreign investments.
2) Steel Industries
Massive steel industries made the province gain second rank, in this way creating modern foundry and other relevant consumer markets will help opening new career opportunities.
3) Agricultural and Relevant Industries
Highly productive farming lands and sugar cane plantations, is prepared the province with good conditions for establishing productive units to produce paper, pressed fiber, alcohol, vinegar, food for domestic animals, fungus and tissues.
4) Water resources
The province of Khuzestan contains almost one third of Iran's flow water. Karkheh, Jarrahi, Arvand, Shavoor, Bahmanshir (Bahman-Ardeshir), Maroon, Dez, Zohreh and many other rivers and water sources can have a great influence on persuading and encouraging investors to spend money on the agricultural projects, the power generators, the transportation, the fishery and tourism industries.
Initiating projects like providing the water supplies of western land of Karkheh river provide the required conditions for establishing more agricultural productive units and preparing lots of job opportunities.
5) Access to the Open Seas
The area gains access to open seas through Khoramshahr, Abadan, Imam Khomeini and Mahshar ports and this creates a good potential not only for the province of Khuzestan but also for the whole country.
6) The Fundamental Facilities
The expanded and well organized network of transportation is the commercial heart of the province of Khuzestan, therefore investment on highways, railways, airports and ports should be emphasized.
7) Neighboring the Persian Gulf States
Inappropriate climates of neighboring countries (the Persian Gulf States) pave the way for agricultural and industrial investments.
Karkheh, Jarrahi, Arvand, Shavoor, Bahmanshir (Bahman-Ardeshir), Maroon-Alaa', Dez, and many other rivers and water sources in the form of Khurs, lagoons, ponds, and marshes demonstrate the vastness of water resources in this region, and are the main reason for the variety of agricultural products such as wheat, barley, oily seeds, rice, eucalyptus, medical herbs and the existence of many palm and citrus farms. The abundance of water supplies, rivers, and dams, also has an influence on the fishery industries.
From the view point of fertility and productivity of its lands, Khuzestan is one of the most important provinces in the country. The fertility of the lands, some times, makes it possible to harvest twice a year.
By the help of mechanized agriculture and designing good plans, in near future, the region will gain reputation not only as a black gold area but also as the main home of green gold.
Thanks to its appropriate climate, the province Khuzestan is the biggest producer of date in the country.
The potential production of date in the area is estimated as about 120000 ton per year, that this will be increased and made a large sum of foreign exchanges through good planning, reforming the procedures of planting and harvesting and encouraging the investment in this field.
Khuzestan is the most ancient Iranian province and is often referred to in Iran as "the birthplace of the nation".
Astonishing ancient places such as Choghazanbil in Susa, Eshkafte' Salman and Kul Farah in Izeh, Darius the Great and Khashayar palaces Shadegan pond, Hoor Azim, Waterfalls in Shushtar, Shadorvan dam and Bande' Mizan endow the province with glory and honor and prepare a very good condition for investment in tourism industry.